proximity

proximity, propinquity are often used almost interchangeably to denote nearness.
Proximity, however, commonly implies simple and often temporary nearness in space; it may be used with reference to either persons or things found in the same vicinity or neighborhood
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for centuries and centuries their nests have been placed in the closest proximity to man— Jefferies

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his office geographically was just down the corridor from George's, a proximity which Harry had insisted on— Auchincloss

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affected much as he might have been by the proximity of a large dog of doubtful temper— Shaw

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Propinquity may imply proximity, but it then usually distinctively suggests closeness, sometimes even contact
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we read a book because it happens to be near us and it looks inviting. It is a case where propinquity is everything— Crothers

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they are jammed into such propinquity with one another in their new suburbia— Whyte

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But it is more often used as proximity is not, to imply nearness in relationship
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here I disclaim all my paternal care, propinquity, and property of blood— Shak.

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or closeness in association, in age, or in tastes
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environment and propinquity make for a desire to graduate from marihuana to opiates— Maurer & Vogel

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or even closeness in time
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events occurring in close propinquity to each other

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thereby was declared the propinquity of their desolations, and that their tranquility was of no longer duration than those soon decaying fruits of summer— Browne

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Analogous words: nearness, closeness (see corresponding adjectives at CLOSE): adjacency, contiguousness, juxtaposition (see corresponding adjectives at ADJACENT)
Antonyms: distance

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Proximity — Prox*im i*ty, n. [L. proximitas: cf. F. proximit[ e] See {Proximate}, and cf. {Propinquity}, {Approach}.] The quality or state of being next in time, place, causation, influence, etc.; immediate nearness, either in place, blood, or alliance.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Proximity — bzw. Wortabstand bezeichnet im Information Retrieval den Abstand, den zwei Wörter in einem Text haben. Funktionsweise Mithilfe von Proximity Operatoren (Wortabstandsoperatoren) kann bei einer Suchanfrage eingeschränkt werden, wie weit entfernt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Proximity — est un thriller américain réalisé par Scott Ziehl en 2001. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Distribution 4 Lien externe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • proximity — prox·im·i·ty /präk si mə tē/ n: the quality or state of being proximate Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. proximity …   Law dictionary

  • proximity — late 15c., from M.Fr. proximité nearness (14c.), from L. proximitatem (nom. proximitas) nearness, vicinity, from proximus nearest, superlative of prope near (see PROPINQUITY (Cf. propinquity)). Proximal is first recorded 1727 …   Etymology dictionary

  • proximity — [n] nearness to something adjacency, appropinquity, closeness, concurrence, contiguity, contiguousness, immediacy, juxtaposition, propinquity, togetherness; concept 747 Ant. distance, remoteness …   New thesaurus

  • proximity — ► NOUN ▪ nearness in space, time, or relationship …   English terms dictionary

  • proximity — [präk sim′ə tē] n. [MFr proximité < L proximitas < proximus: see PROXIMATE] the state or quality of being near; nearness in space, time, etc …   English World dictionary

  • proximity — n. 1) close proximity 2) proximity to 3) in proximity to (in close proximity to the scene of the crime) * * * [prɒk sɪmɪtɪ] close proximity proximity to in proximity to (in close proximity to the scene of the crime) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • proximity — prox|im|i|ty [prɔkˈsımıti US pra:k ] n [U] [Date: 1400 1500; : Latin; Origin: proximitas, from proximus; PROXIMATE] formal nearness in distance or time proximity to ▪ We chose the house for its proximity to the school. proximity of ▪ the… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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